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Figure 8 | Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling

Figure 8

From: Agent-based modeling and simulation of emergent behavior in air transportation

Figure 8

Recorded events in the Monte Carlo simulation and their relation with collision in the active runway crossing operation. E q (q = 1,2,…,10) represents the event number, τ q represents the time of the first occurrence of event E q , ‘ ’ means that both events E i and E j should have occurred in order for the next event to happen such that τ i τ j = max {τ i , τ j }, ‘ ’ means that as soon as one of the (competing) events occur, the next event will happen such that τ i τ j = min {τ i , τ j }, G is a guard function evaluating the first time τ10 that trajectories of AC-TO and of AC-TX are such close that the aircraft shapes hit each other.

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