Open Access

Erratum to: A survey on MAC protocols for complex self-organizing cognitive radio networks

  • Munam Ali Shah1,
  • Sijing Zhang2,
  • Muhammad Kamran3Email author,
  • Qaisar Javaid4 and
  • Bahjat Fatima1
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling20164:26

Received: 25 October 2016

Accepted: 10 November 2016

Published: 16 November 2016

The original article was published in Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling 2016 4:18

Erratum to: Complex Adapt Syst Model (2016) 4:18 DOI 10.1186/s40294-016-0030-y

In published version of the article (Shah et al. 2016), Figure 9 caption shows a wrong citation such as “Figure 9. Classification of CR MAC protocols (Shah, M.A. Sijing Zhang 2013).” The figure is adopted from Joshi et al. (2009). Hence, the corrected caption of Fig. 9 is given in this erratum.
Fig. 9

Classification of CR MAC protocols

(Joshi et al. 2009)



Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Computer Science, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
Department of Computer Science & Technology, University of Bedfordshire
Department of Distance Continuing and Computer Education, University of Sindh
Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, International Islamic University


  1. Joshi GP, Kim SW, Kim BS (2009) An efficient MAC protocol for improving the network throughput for cognitive radio networks. In: 2009 third international conference on next generation mobile applications, services and technologies. IEEE, New York, pp 271–275Google Scholar
  2. Shah MA, Zhang S, Kamran M, Javaid Q, Fatima B (2016) A survey on MAC protocols for complex self-organizing cognitive radio networks. Complex Adapt Syst Model 4:18. doi:10.1186/s40294-016-0030-y View ArticleGoogle Scholar


© The Author(s) 2016